Poor access to education, major factor stimulating poverty [Opinion] -GCFRNG

Poor access to education, major factor stimulating poverty [Opinion] -GCFRNG

POVERTY is not just a state of poverty and people not only become poor, as some factors are responsible for the increase in poverty. In society, observation allows one to realize that there are few rich people and most people are poor.

These rich have influence and power that they transmit from one generation to another and govern the poor majority who also pass poverty on to their generations. Now, with such a vicious cycle, how can we curb poverty?

Poverty is defined as a state or condition in which a person or community lacks the financial resources and essential elements for a minimum standard of living. Poverty means that the level of income from employment is so low that basic human needs cannot be met. The United Nations describes it as a condition characterized by a severe deprivation of basic human needs, including food, clean water, sanitation facilities, health, shelter, education and information.

Nigeria’s National Bureau of Statistics said in 2020 that 40 percent or 83 million Nigerians live in poverty. Although the country’s poverty profile for 2021 has yet to be released, the number of poor people is estimated to rise to 90 million, or 45% of the population.

Laziness was considered the main cause of poverty in ancient times, but today, realizing that education can enable people to eradicate poverty, the question that arises is: What is the reward for giving way to education? instead of relying on hard work on the farm to survive?

Poor access to education is one of the main causes of poverty in Nigeria. Research shows that one in five of the world’s out-of-school children is in Nigeria. Although primary education is officially free and compulsory, about 10.5 million of the country’s children between the ages of 5 and 14 do not attend school.

Is it necessary to mention that the so-called free primary education is mere propaganda? Other than that fact, how many schools are well equipped to learn? Are many of the elementary school students still sitting on the bare ground in their classes?

In some elementary schools, parents continue to provide chairs and tables for their children, and many children still work to pay their school fees. Most of the leaders have their children enrolled in private schools that are well equipped to learn with the public funds intended to equip public schools.

While the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, UNESCO, recommends that between 16 and 25 percent of the budgets of developing countries such as Nigeria be devoted to education, federal allocations to Education in Nigeria rarely exceed six percent, a far cry from the internationally recommended standard.

In most tertiary institutions in the country, students sit on the floor, while those who cannot stand for hours to receive their lectures. What about the incessant strikes? The programs that should last four years are extended to five or six years due to the incessant strikes that have roots in the country’s system of government.

While the leaders send their children to schools abroad, the children of the masses remain impoverished. Many of our students only graduate to find that even employers cannot employ them due to their age and this leads to a higher unemployment rate. Statistics show that currently, 33.3 percent or 23.2 million of the roughly 70 million people who should be working in Nigeria are out of work.

The World Health Organization, WHO, estimates that 77 percent of medical care spent in Nigeria is out of pocket. This means that the majority of Nigerians have no health insurance of any kind and the poorest have extremely limited access to quality health care.

So is it necessary to mention that healthcare in Nigeria is underfunded and healthcare workers are underpaid? Health workers go on strike intermittently and also treat patients with an attitude of indifference because they are denied wages, which should be a source of encouragement for them, and as a consequence they are poor and many are lost. lives.

Research shows that more than 90 percent of deaths in Nigerian hospitals are due to poor attitudes of healthcare workers. According to one source, maternal mortality in the country is among the worst in the world, as the country records a whopping 19% of global maternal deaths. Furthermore, the infant mortality rate is too high (19 deaths per 1,000 births).

The mortality rate for children under five is 128 per 1,000, while life expectancy is 54.4, which is incredibly low. The report shows that between 2009 and 2019, a total of Naira 576.36 billion was allocated as capital expenditure for the health sector. Of this sum, N408.79 billion was released, but only N318.65 billion was spent. The question is: how was the remaining sum of money spent?

Although it is reported that around 70% of Nigerians have access to basic water services, more than half of these water sources are contaminated and Nigerians have an average of nine liters of water per day. UNICEF also found that poor access to improved water and sanitation in Nigeria remains a major factor contributing to high rates of morbidity and mortality among children under five years of age.

Water is one of the main necessities of life and it is something that in no way should people be denied, but unfortunately, the opposite happens, as people who can afford drinking water spend a fortune on it, while that those who cannot, suffer the consequences of cholera or other life-threatening diseases or illnesses.

What about the situation in the Niger Delta? The water, which serves as a means of survival for the people, has been contaminated by oil exploration, but the government has no solution to the situation. How many lives have been lost because of that?

In general, corruption is the root of all causes. According to Wikipedia, in 2018, Nigeria was ranked 144th out of 180 countries listed in Transparency International’s Corruption Index (with Somalia, at 180, being the most corrupt and Denmark the least).

Government officials reallocate appropriations for public finances in order to misappropriate public funds. What about insecurity, which has left countless lives homeless and miserable?

These and many more are responsible for the increase in the poverty rate in Nigeria. How can people keep quiet when they are going through such horrible situations and how can government officials understand their plight when they are not in the shoes of the people? In general, how can poverty be minimized if these situations persist?

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Poor access to education, major factor stimulating poverty [Opinion] -GCFRNG

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